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Muscle Chart Diagrams

Muscle Origin Insertion Function Location

For images of the muscle, click on each link under location.
Abductors (tensor fasciae latae, gluteus medius, gluteus minimus) Ilium Femur Brings hip away from body. Upper leg-
rear of human upper leg
Small Photo: Back of Upper Leg
Adductors (includes madductor longus, adductor brevis, adductor magnus muscles Pubis Femur Brings leg back to and across body. Upper leg-
rear of human upper leg
Small Photo: Back of Upper Leg
Biceps brachi Scapula Radius and ulna Flexes elbow and moves forearm. Arm-
front view of human arm
Small Photo: Arm Front
Brachialis Humerus and septa Coronoid process and ulna Flexes elbow. Arm-
front view of human arm
Small Photo of Front of the Arm
Brachioradialis Humerus and septum Radius Flexes and rotates elbow. Arm-
front view of human armSmall Photo: Front of Arm
Deltoid Clavicle, deltoid tuberosity, acromion and scapula Deltoid tuberosity (humerus) Raises and rotates arm in all directions. Arm-
front view of human arm
Small Photo: Front of the Arm
Erector spinae Sacrum and ilium Upper thoracic vertebrae Extends spine and trunk back. Body-
rear view of human body
Small Photo
Gastrocnemius (calf muscle)
Femur Lower leg - back Calcaneum (by achilles tendon) Raises heal when leg is straight. Lower leg-
rear of human lower leg Small Photo of Lower Leg Back
Gluteus maximus Ilium Femur Moves hips forward. Upper leg-
rear of human upper leg Small Photo: Back of Upper Leg
Hamstrings (made of 3 muscles):

1. Biceps femoris
2. Semitendinosus
3.Semimembranosus
1. Ischium
2. Ischium
3. Ischium
1. Fibula and femur
2. Tibia
3. Tibia
1. Bends knee.
2. Bends knee.
3. Bends knee.
Upper leg-
rear of human upper leg Small Photo: Rear of Upper Leg
Iliopsoas Ilium, sacrum, thoracic and lumbar vertebrae Femur Moves hips backwards. Upper leg-
front of human upper leg
Small Photo of Front of the Upper Leg
Latisimus dorsi Lower thoracic, lumbar vertebrae and sacrum Humerus Brings shoulders and arms back to body. Body-
rear view of human body
Small Photo: Back of Body
Pectoralis major and minor Sternum Humerus Moves humerus (arm) to chest. Body-
front view of human body Small Photo of Front of the Body
Quadriceps (made of 4 muscles):

1. Rectus femoris
2. Vastus lateralis
3. Vastus medialis
4. Vastus intermediu
1. Ilium
2. Femur
3. Femur
4. Femur
1. Tibia (patella tendon)
2. Tibia (patella tendon)
3. Tibia (patella tendon)
4. Tibia (patella tendon)
1. Extends leg out.
2. Extends knee.
3. Extends knee.
4. Extends knee.
Upper Leg -
front of human upper leg
Small Photo: Upper Leg
Rectus abdominis Costal cartilages, medial inferiorcostal Margin and xiphoid Brings trunk forward, and aids expiration. Body-
front view of human body Small Photo of Front of the Body
Rhomboids Upper thoracic vertebrae Scapula Pulls back scapula (shoulder blades). Body-
rear view of human bodySmall Photo of Back of the Body
Soleus (calf muscles) Tibia and fibula Calcaneum (by Achilles tendon) Raises heal when leg is bent. Lower leg-
front of human lower leg Small Photo: Front of Lower Leg
Tibialis anterior Tibia Metatarsal # 1 (big toe) Raises front of foot. Lower leg-
rear of human lower leg
Small Photo of Back of The Lower Leg
Trapezius Starts at base of skull. Ends at last thoracic vertebra. Scapula and clavicle elevation. Elevates and lowers pectoral girdle. Also moves scapula towards the spine. Body-
rear view of human body
Small Photo of Back of the Body
Triceps Brachi, scapula and Humerus Olecranon process (elbow) Extends forearm. Arm-
rear view of human arm
Small Photo: Back of the Arm
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